Construction of new housing estates
The construction of new districts, settlements and housing estates provides a role model. In terms of conserving resources and energy efficiency, it offers the greatest range of possibilities but not the greatest savings potential. On the other hand, these goals can be realised in new-build schemes with the least additional costs. Although it is not possible to legally stipulate standards and technologies in planning law, such as passive house construction or the use of solar thermal energy or photovoltaics, a municipality can nevertheless influence energy-saving land use planning.
Along with the construction of new housing estates at the passive house level, energy-plus housing estates currently represent “the highest state of development” with regard to implementing energy-efficient construction methods. By combining energy-optimised building envelopes and correspondingly harmonised innovative system technology, they support the transition to a sustainable energy supply with their positive energy balance.