Biomass is a very versatile but also limited renewable resource. At the same time, biomass has considerable potential for more efficient use, even when higher utilisation temperatures are required. Research funding is therefore aimed at developing the cost- and energy-efficient use of biomass as well as biogenic residues and waste materials in the electricity and heating market.
In particular, researchers are exploring ways to transform urban heat provision. In future, 50 per cent of heat from biomass, solar energy or geothermal energy could flow through local district heating networks, whereby the use of biomass offers an important option for supplying municipalities and urban districts. Biogas-fired combined heat and power plants based on energy carriers such as wood or biomethane could in particular support the conversion of local heat supplies in rural areas.