Heating & cooling networks
The provision, distribution and use of local and district heating require distribution networks that are considerably more differentiated, technically more intricate and more complex to operate than other supply networks. New grid concepts and the development of innovative technologies can significantly improve the heat supply in energy efficiency, economic and ecological terms. In addition to innovative concepts, planning, organisation and optimisation are becoming increasingly important in the energy industry and in local and district heating.
Targeted network optimisation can further increase the proportion of local and district heating and also integrate less densely populated areas into the supply network. This could provide the future for centralised heat supply systems. As smart grids, it is intended that heating networks shall become central building blocks in local energy management. Low-exergy technologies can help reduce transmission losses. In addition, new adaptive cooling and heating networks offer starting points for integrating renewable energy.