Electricity grids

The central building block of Germany’s Energiewende – its energy transition – is the expansion of renewable energies by 2050 to provide 80 per cent of the electricity generation. Innovative approaches from research are aimed at supporting a secure supply with high quality and maximum flexibility.

The building sector as a main energy consumer in the German energy system can make a significant contribution to ensuring greater flexibility and grid-supportive consumption behaviour by enabling buildings and districts to act as controllable loads, electricity storage systems or decentralised generators and, by specifically changing their electricity procurement profile time-wise, to also support load smoothing and displacement. Through coordinated interaction with the electrical supply network, heat pumps in particular provide considerable potential for enabling load displacement through the efficient generation and temporary storage of heating and cooling energy, thereby contributing to grid stability.

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