People & technology
User participation, motivation and qualification are important factors in ensuring the success of energy-efficient buildings and districts. These enable the applied technology and its use to be accepted, taking into account the underlying economic conditions. The same applies to those involved in the design, construction and operation: Iterative and interdisciplinary design processes ensure team-oriented action as part of integral planning. This creates a holistic view of buildings and districts, for example with a view to achieving sustainability over the entire lifecycle.
Once buildings are erected, they are there for the residents and users. If they are dissatisfied, they behave in their own way and intervene in the building operation. This can be either good or bad for the indoor environment management and energy efficiency. Even very energy-efficiently planned buildings can therefore consume significantly more energy in actual operation. User satisfaction and the understanding and acceptance of building concepts and technology must be taken into account during the planning and later operation, as well as the differences in how technology is conceived or cultural and linguistic barriers.
The social and economic consequences of developing buildings and districts, as well as the limits of energy-related refurbishment, must also be considered. Key aspects here include affordable housing, demographic change and shrinking districts...